Download e-book for kindle: 16-Bit-Microprocessor Systems: Structure, Behavior, and by Dr.-Ing. Thomas Flik, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Hans Liebig (auth.)

By Dr.-Ing. Thomas Flik, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Hans Liebig (auth.)

ISBN-10: 3540151648

ISBN-13: 9783540151647

ISBN-10: 3642932851

ISBN-13: 9783642932854

In the previous couple of years, plenty of books on microprocessors have seemed out there. so much of them originated within the context of the 4-bit and the 8-bit microprocessors and their relatively uncomplicated constitution. even though, the techno-logical improvement from 8-bit to 16-bit microprossors resulted in processor parts with a considerably extra advanced constitution and with an accelerated performance and in addition to a rise within the procedure architecture's complexity. This books takes this development into consideration. It examines 16-bit micro-processor platforms and descrihes their constitution, their habit and their programming. the foundations of laptop or­ ganization are taken care of on the part point. this is often performed through an in depth exam of the attribute functionali­ ty of microprocessors. moreover the interactions among and software program, which are standard of microprocessor know-how, are brought. Interfacing innovations are one of many focal issues of those issues. This puplication is geared up as a textbook and is meant as a self-teaching path on 16-bit microprocessors for college students of machine technological know-how and communications, layout engineers and clients in a large choice of technical and medical fields. uncomplicated wisdom of boolean algebra is believed. the alternative of fabric is predicated at the 16-bit microprocessors which are at the moment in the marketplace; nevertheless, the presentation isn't absolute to somebody of those microprocessors.

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Additional resources for 16-Bit-Microprocessor Systems: Structure, Behavior, and Programming

Sample text

5. Symbol table for the pulse generator program symbol numer'ical address binar'Y decimal hexadec. LABELl LABEL2 TIMEC ZERO ONE 0000000000001000 0000000000001010 0000000000010111 0000000000011000 0000000000011001 8 10 0008 23 24 25 0017 0018 0019 EAREG 1000000000000000 32768 8000 OOOA 23 address / "binary dec. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 00000 00001 00010 00011 00100 00101 00110 00111 01000 01001 01010 01011 01100 01101 01110 01111 10000 10001 10010 10011 10100 10101 10110 10111 11000 11001 / machine code "-hexadec.

This means that a memory address, written by the processor to the address bus, is always a byte address. e. a memory cell contains 16 bits. The access to the memory occurs at byte or word boundaries. The processor defines the word/byte distinction by means of a control signal that is examined by the memory unit for the byte and word selection. 1 Programming Model The structure and functionality of processor registers, that can be directly addressed by the program, are referred to as "programming model".

1f MSB Half byte LSB , 1 4 I - Byte 1 1_ 0 I dQiI I 7 8 I 16 Word upptr ~iO~I I I Double word 32 Byte string nx8 0 I I 8 7 15 I , _Ilyl. I I I I I I : I I l_byIo I I I I I . I I 0 ~ I::;q:::::::: ::1 11 11 L:: ::::l 15 Word string n x 16 Fig. 4. 1. Byte and word memory addressing w~ AO o Memory selection o 1 o Address error trap ,1 37 Memory addressing Data format ~ 2 4 Byte RO Rl R2 Word Rl RO~ R2 3 5 E :1 i: Register file addressing Double word RO I- - R2 - - Fig. 5. Byte, word and double word allocation in working memory and register file with indication of memory and register addresses possible when the word boundaries are even.

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16-Bit-Microprocessor Systems: Structure, Behavior, and Programming by Dr.-Ing. Thomas Flik, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Hans Liebig (auth.)

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