By Walter Laqueur
Walter Laqueur strains Zionism from its beginnings - with the emancipation of eu Jewry from the ghettos within the wake of the French Revolution - to 1948, whilst the Zionist dream turned a fact. He describes the contributions of such outstanding figures as Benjamin Disraeli, Moses Hess, Baron Edmond de Rothschild, and Sir Herbert Samuel, and he analyzes the seminal achievements of Theodor Herzl, Chaim Weitzmann, and David Ben Gurion.
Laqueur outlines the variations among many of the Zionist philosophies of the early 20th century - socialist, Communist, revisionist, and cultural utopian - and he discusses either the non secular and secular Jewish critics of the circulate. He concludes with a dramatic account of the cataclysmic occasions of global battle II, the clandestine immigration of Holocaust survivors, the tragic overlooked possibilities for co-existence with either the Arab citizens of Palestine and people within the surrounding international locations, and the fight to forge a brand new kingdom on an historical land. Laqueur's new preface analyzes the present-day problems, and areas them right into a historic context.
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Extra info for A History of Zionism: From the French Revolution to the Establishment of the State of Israel
It is debatable whether there is a history of Zionism beyond 1948, and not only because many of its functions have been taken over by the state of Israel. Before the word ‘Zionism’ became generally accepted, the term Palestinofilstvo (Hibat Zion) was widely used in Russia. A similar term, Philisraelism, may well provide an accurate definition of the present, post-Zionist, phase. Even if my assumption should be wrong – periodisation being a risky business – a good case can still be made, I think, for ending this history of Zionism in 1948.
The aesthetic tea parties arranged by these ladies played an important part in German cultural history; they certainly helped to make Berlin, better known in the past for its soldiers than its poets, a cultural metropolis. There was hardly a figure of cultural eminence who did not frequent these salons at one time or another. Some talked about these occasions with derision, others wrote with genuine appreciation about the role played by the daughters of the Cohens, the Itzigs and the Efraims, who promoted the cult of Goethe and Jean Paul at a time when most Germans were still immersed in Rinaldo Rinaldini and Kotzebue.
This led to a profound social and cultural change in the composition of the population of the new country. Zionism had been a European Jewish movement. Among the Jews in the Oriental countries there was a messianic religious belief in the ultimate return to Zion—or at least a feeling of historical attachment to it—but there was no overwhelming urge to move to Palestine. Zionist organizations in those countries were very small or nonexistent. There was, however, an increase in anti-Semitism in the Middle East and North Africa during World War II and during the years leading up to it, and there was also a rise in those countries of a xenophobic nationalism.
A History of Zionism: From the French Revolution to the Establishment of the State of Israel by Walter Laqueur