By James M. Denham
The pervasive effect of the frontier is prime to an knowing of antebellum Florida. James M. Denham lines the expansion and social improvement of this carefully settled zone via its adventure with crime and punishment. utilizing court docket documents, govt records, newspapers, and private papers, Denham explores how crime affected traditional Floridians - whites and blacks, perpetrators, sufferers, and enforcers. He contends that even if the frontier decided the enforcement and management of the legislation, the ethic of honor ruled human relationships. even if indictments for crimes opposed to individuals have been way more common than these for crimes opposed to estate, the punishment for the latter was once extra serious (except for homicide) simply because such crimes violated the South's loved code of honor. A sparse, rural agricultural inhabitants valued a private integrity that integrated a robust feel of monetary morality. Honesty and truthfulness have been characteristics not just wanted yet demanded. Stealing used to be a contravention of that belief and acquired society's sternest punishment.
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The pervasive impact of the frontier is prime to an figuring out of antebellum Florida. James M. Denham strains the expansion and social improvement of this in moderation settled sector via its event with crime and punishment. utilizing court docket files, govt files, newspapers, and private papers, Denham explores how crime affected usual Floridians - whites and blacks, perpetrators, sufferers, and enforcers.
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Extra resources for A rogue's paradise: crime and punishment in Antebellum Florida, 1821-1861
Federal appointees, no matter where they came from, played a crucial role in shaping the criminal justice system because they were the ones who interpreted and executed the laws during Florida's territorial years. The origins and backgrounds of Florida's antebellum residents ultimately affected its criminal justice system at all levels. Most of those who settled in Florida during the antebellum decades migrated from Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia. But they also came from the border states of Kentucky and Maryland.
48-1984. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Denham, James M. Denham. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. ) and index. CrimeFloridaHistory19th century. Criminal justice, Administration ofFloridaHistory19th century. Florida History18211865. Title. 9759'09'034dc20 96-24837 British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data available Page v For Jim Denham and in memory of Emma Denham Page vii Contents Preface ix One Crime, the Law, and Society 1 Two Crime and Its Causes 12 Three Courts, Judges, and Law Enforcement Officers 24 Four Receptacles of Crime: Florida's Judicial Circuits 37 Five Crime against Person 59 Six Violating the Domestic Sphere: Women, Violence, and Crime 74 Seven Crime against Property 86 Eight Crime against Public Order and Morality 102 Nine Blacks, Crime, and the Law 120 Ten Florida's Antebellum Lawmen 141 Page viii Eleven Catching Criminals on the Antebellum Frontier 155 Twelve Jails and Escapes 166 Thirteen Outlaw Gangs, Lynch Mobs, and Regulators: Policing the Antebellum Frontier 185 Fourteen Our Violent Past: A Heritage of Honor and Frontier 205 Appendix 1 Legal and Extralegal Executions 209 Appendix 2 County Seats and Superior/Circuit Courts 212 Appendix 3 Law and Judicial Officers 214 Appendix 4 Prosecution Tables by County 226 Notes 283 Bibliography 339 Index 371 Page ix Preface This book traces the patterns of crime and punishment in antebellum Florida from 1821 to 1861.
Life in antebellum Florida was a close replica of that experienced in neighboring states, but the state was unique in a number of ways. (Courtesy of the Florida State Archives, Tallahassee, Florida) cial, economic, and political affairs of the new society. By the 1850s the port cities of Pensacola, Apalachicola, Jacksonville, Key West, and Tampa served as entry points for ships from the United States and the world. Because of its extended coastline, Florida received large numbers of immigrants and interlopers from the West Indies.
A rogue's paradise: crime and punishment in Antebellum Florida, 1821-1861 by James M. Denham