A State of Mixture: Christians, Zoroastrians, and Iranian by Richard E. Payne PDF

By Richard E. Payne

ISBN-10: 0520961536

ISBN-13: 9780520961531

Christian groups flourished in the course of overdue antiquity in a Zoroastrian political procedure, often called the Iranian Empire, that built-in culturally and geographically disparate territories from Arabia to Afghanistan into its associations and networks. while earlier experiences have appeared Christians as marginal, insular, and sometimes persecuted individuals during this empire, Richard Payne demonstrates their integration into elite networks, adoption of Iranian political practices and imaginaries, and participation in imperial associations. the increase of Christianity in Iran relied on the Zoroastrian idea and perform of hierarchical, differentiated inclusion, in keeping with which Christians, Jews, and others occupied valid areas in Iranian political tradition in positions subordinate to the imperial faith. Christians, for his or her half, situated themselves in a political tradition no longer in their personal making, with recourse to their very own ideological and institutional assets, starting from the writing of saints’ lives to the judicial arbitration of bishops. In putting the social historical past of East Syrian Christians on the heart of the Iranian imperial tale, A kingdom of combination is helping clarify the persistence of a culturally various empire throughout 4 centuries.

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Contents
Preface to the 3rd version
Note at the celebration of the 3rd Printing (1970)
Preface to the second one variation
Preface to the 1st version
Abbreviations
1. creation: East and West in Hellenism
(a) The a part of the West
Greek tradition at the Eve of Alexander's Conquests
Cosmopolitanism and the recent Greek Colonization
The Hellenization of the East
Later Hellenism: The swap from Secular to spiritual tradition
The 4 levels of Greek Culture
(b) The a part of the East
The East at the Eve of Alexander's Conquests
The East less than Hellenism
The Re-emergence of the East

Part I. Gnostic Literature—Main Tenets, Symbolic Language
2. The that means of Gnosis and the level of the Gnostic move
(a) religious weather of the period
(b) The identify "Gnosticism"
(c) The starting place of Gnosticism
(d) the character of Gnostic "Knowledge"
(e) Survey of Sources
Secondary or oblique Sources
Primary or Direct assets
(f) summary of major Gnostic Tenets
Theology
Cosmology
Anthropology
Eschatology
Morality

3. Gnostic Imagery and Symbolic Language
(a) The "Alien"
(b) "Beyond," "Without," "This World," and "The different World"
(c) Worlds and Aeons
(d) The Cosmic Habitation and the Stranger's Sojourn
(e) "Light" and "Darkness," "Life" and "Death"
(f) "Mixture," "Dispersal," the "One," and the "Many"
(g) "Fall," "Sinking," "Capture"
(h) Forlornness, Dread, Homesickness
(i) Numbness, Sleep, Intoxication
(j) The Noise of the World
(k) The "Call from Without"
(l) The "Alien Man"
(m) The content material of the Call
(n) The reaction to the Call
(o) Gnostic Allegory
Eve and the Serpent
Cain and the Creator
Prometheus and Zeus
Appendix to bankruptcy three: thesaurus of Mandaean Terms

Part II. Gnostic structures of Thought
4. Simon Magus
5. The "Hymn of the Pearl"
(a) The Text
(b) Commentary
Serpent, Sea, Egypt
The Impure Garment
The Letter
The Conquering of the Serpent and the Ascent
The Heavenly Garment; the Image
The Transcendental Self
The Pearl

6. The Angels That Made the realm. The Gospel of Marcion
(a) The Angels That Made the World
(b) The Gospel of Marcion
Marcion's designated place in Gnostic Thought
Redemption in keeping with Marcion
The Gods
"Grace Freely Given"
Marcion's Ascetic Morality
Marcion and Scripture

7. The Poimandres of Hermes Trismegistus
(a) The Text
(b) Commentary
The foundation of the Divine Man
The Descent of guy; the Planetary Soul
The Union of guy with Nature; the Narcissus Motif
The Ascent of the Soul
The First Beginnings

8. The Valentinian Speculation
(a) The Speculative precept of Valentinianism
(b) The System
Development of the Pleroma
The situation within the Pleroma
Consequences of the predicament, functionality of the Limit
Restoration of the Pleroma
Events outdoor the Pleroma
Sufferings of the reduce Sophia
Origination of Matter
Derivation of the only Elements
Demiurge and production of the World
Salvation
Appendix I to bankruptcy eight: the placement of fireplace one of the Elements
Appendix II to bankruptcy eight: The approach of the Apocryphon of John

9. construction, global heritage, and Salvation in line with Mani
(a) Mani's approach; His Vocation
(b) The System
The Primal Principles
The assault of the Darkness
The Pacifism of the realm of Light
The First construction: Primal Man
The Defeat of Primal Man
The Sacrifice and Adulteration of the Soul
The moment construction: The dwelling Spirit; Liberation of Primal Man
Creation of the Macrocosmos
The 3rd production: The Messenger
Origin of crops and Animals
Creation of Adam and Eve
Mission of the Luminous Jesus; the Jesus Patibilis
Practical Conclusions; Mani's Ascetic Morality
The Doctrine of the final Things
(c) Recapitulation: forms of Dualism in Gnostic Speculation

Part III. Gnosticism and the Classical Mind
10. The Cosmos in Greek and Gnostic Evaluation
(a) the assumption of "Cosmos" and Man's position in It
The Greek Position
Cosmos-Piety as a place of Retreat
The Gnostic Revaluation
The Greek Reaction
(b) future and the Stars
Forms of Sidereal Piety within the historical World
The Gnostic Revaluation
The Greek response; the Brotherhood of guy and Stars
The Acosmic Brotherhood of Salvation

11. advantage and the Soul in Greek and Gnostic Teaching
(a) the belief of advantage: Its Absence in Gnosticism
(b) Gnostic Morality
Nihilism and Libertinism
Asceticism, Self-Abnegation, the recent "Virtue"
Arete and the Christian "Virtues"
Virtue in Philo Judaeus
(c) Gnostic Psychology
The Demonological Interpretation of Inwardness
The Soul as Female
Ecstatic Illumination
(d) end: The Unknown God

Supplements to the second one Edition
12. the new Discoveries within the box of Gnosticism
Addendum to bankruptcy 12
13. Epilogue: Gnosticism, Nihilism and Existentialism
Corrections and Additions
Bibliography
Selected Supplementary Bibliography
Index to right Names

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Extra resources for A State of Mixture: Christians, Zoroastrians, and Iranian Political Culture in Late Antiquity (Transformation of the Classical Heritage, Volume 56)

Sample text

Harvard University Press, 2009). 22 See R. ), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology, 241–61; T. Kelly, Stars, Life, and Intelligence: Being a Darwinian and a Believer (Adelaide: ATF Press, 2009). 23 Pruss and Gale, ‘Cosmological and Design Arguments’, 130, 135. 24 See Menssen and Sullivan, The Agnostic Enquirer, 38–40. faith in a personal god j 33 of the visible universe and its fine-tuned character, some point to the inner religious life of the heart as underpinning their faith. Experiences of God’s closeness and even a sense of mystical union with God serve to justify and illuminate belief in an all-loving and ever present divine Being.

Every answer prompts a new question. Human beings 2 Robert Coles, in The Spiritual Life of Children (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1990), shows how, with surprising feeling and subtlety, children ponder the great questions about the human predicament: our origin, our nature, and our final destiny. On Coles’s work, see G. O’Collins, Jesus our Redeemer: A Christian Approach to Salvation (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007), 77–80. 3 See V. Frankl, Man’s Search for Meaning: An Introduction to Logotherapy, trans.

When we add further divine attributes and recognize God as being all-powerful, all-knowing, and all-perfect, we may well ask ourselves: what kind of action concepts apply to such an agent? How many of our notions about personal, human actions and their 9 For some of the issues connected with these claims, see W. L. ), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology, 145–66; and H. Hudson, ‘Omnipresence’, ibid. 199–216. faith in a personal god j 25 mechanism can we transfer to God? When, for example, we do something in the external world (as opposed to doing something in our minds), bodily movements come into play.

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